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Definition of Leader and Task of the Leader

The role of leaders in life is very important. This has led to many studies conducted on leadership and how to be a good leader. When learning about leadership concepts, the most basic thing is to know definition of leader.

Many experts have given definition of leader. Here are some definitions:

According to Henry Pratt Fairchild the leader is someone who leads by initiating social behavior by organizing, directing, organizing or controlling the efforts / efforts of others or through power and position.

Fiedler said that "The leader is as someone who is tasked with directing and coordinating activities that exist in group tasks. A leader is someone who because of his personal skills with or without official appointment can influence the group he leads to direct the business of a leader is someone who because of his personal skills with or without official appointment can influence the group he leads to direct cooperation efforts towards achieving certain goals.

Sam Walton argues, great leaders will try to instill confidence in supporters. If people have high confidence, then we will be surprised at the extraordinary results they will achieve.

Rosalynn Carter gives definition of leader as "An ordinary leader brings other people to the place they want to go". An extraordinary leader brings supporters to a place they might not want to go to, but they have to go.

John Gage Allee said, Leader ... a guide; a conductor; a commander "(the leader is a guide, guide, guide; commander).

Jim Collin defines leaders as having several levels, the lowest is reliable leaders, then leaders who are part of the team, then leaders who have vision, the highest level are leaders who work not based on personal ego.

Modern Dictionary of Sociology (1996) defines leader is a person who occupies a central role or position of dominance and influence in a group.

C.N. Cooley in "The Man Nature and the Social Order" states that the leader is always the focal point of a tendency, and vice versa, all social movements, if observed carefully, will be found in trends that have a central point.

I. Redl in "Emotion and Leadership Group". Declaring a leader is a person who becomes a central point that integrates groups.

J.I. Brown in "Psychology and the Social Order" defines a leader as a person who cannot be separated from a group, but can be seen as a position that has high potential in their field.

Kenry Pratt Fairchild in the "Dictionary of Sociology and Related Sciences" states that leaders can be divided into two meanings, namely leaders in the broad and narrow sense. A broad meaning leader, one who leads by taking community behavior initiatives by directing, organizing or supervising the efforts of others both on the basis of achievement, power or position. Narrow meaning leaders, someone who leads with convincing tools, so that followers accept it voluntarily.

Read also: Ways to Developing Leadership Skills for Today

Task of the Leader

After understanding what definition of leader is, you should also know what the leader's tasks are. According to James A.F Stonen, the main task of a leader is:

1. Leaders work with other people: A leader is responsible for working with other people, one with his boss, staff, work colleagues or other superiors in an organization as well as people outside the organization.

2. Leaders are responsible and accountable: A leader is responsible for arranging the task of carrying out tasks, conducting evaluations, to achieve the best outcome. Leaders are responsible for staff success without failure.

3. Leaders balance the achievement of goals and priorities: The process of leadership is limited to resources, so leaders can only arrange tasks by prioritizing. In an effort to achieve the goal the leader must be able to delegate his duties to the staff. Then leaders must be able to manage time effectively, and solve problems effectively.

4. Leaders must think analytically and conceptually: A leader must be an analytical and conceptual thinker. Furthermore, it can identify problems accurately. The leader must be able to describe the entire work to be clearer and its relation to other work.5. Managers are forcing mediators: Conflicts always occur in every team and organization. Therefore, the leader must be able to become a mediator.

6. Leaders are politicians and diplomats: A leader must be able to invite and make compromises. As a diplomat, a leader must be able to represent his team or organization.

7. Leaders make difficult decisions: A leader must be able to solve problems.