Leadership Communication Style and Obstacles

Problems can occur as a result of our miscommunication to the communicant. Sometimes this is forgotten, even though, humans in their lives must communicate, because they need other people and need groups or communities to interact with each other.

Communication and leadership is very closely related. A leader must have extensive insight, be honest, responsible, brave in making decisions, and he must also have excellent communication skills. Leadership communication can determine the success or failure of a leader in carrying out his duties.

Leadership that is successful in influencing others is largely determined by the skills and ability to run the communication function well. In an organization, the element of cooperation must always be created well. With the occurrence of the collaboration process, the element of communication will automatically be created. 

Anything form of instruction, information from leaders, input, reports from subordinates to leaders, among fellow subordinates is always done through the communication process.

Communication Leadership Style

The communication style can be divided into several parts including:

1# The Controlling style
This controlling style of communication is characterized by the presence of one intention to limit, force and regulate the behavior, thoughts and responses of others. People who use this communication style are known as one-way communicators or one-way communications.

The messages that come from one-way communicators, do not try to 'sell' ideas to be discussed together but rather on trying to explain to others what they do. The controlling style of communication is often used to persuade others to work and act effectively, and generally in the form of criticism. However, this controlling style of communication is not often negative so that it causes other people to respond negatively.

2# The Equalitarian style
An important aspect of this communication style is the existence of a common ground. The equalitarian style of communication is characterized by the application of the flow of verbal and written verbal messages that are two-way traffic of communication.

In this style of communication, communication is carried out openly. That is, each member of the organization can express ideas or opinions in a relaxed and informal atmosphere. In such an atmosphere, it allows each member of the organization to reach agreement and mutual understanding.

People who use this communication style that means similarity are people who have a high level of caring and the ability to build good relationships with others both in their personal context and within the scope of work relationships.

The equalitarian style will facilitate communication in the organization. Because, this style is effective in maintaining empathy and cooperation, especially in situations to make decisions about a complex problem. This communication style also guarantees ongoing sharing / sharing of information among members in an organization.

Read also: Compassion and Leadership

3# The Structuring Style
This structured communication style, utilizing verbal messages in writing and verbally to establish orders that must be carried out, scheduling tasks and work and organizational structure. Sender pays more attention to the desire to influence others by sharing information about organizational goals, work schedules, rules and procedures that apply in the organization.

Stogdill and Coons of The Bureau of Business Research at Ohio State University, found the dimensions of effective leadership, which they named the Initiating Structure. Stogdill and Coons explained that an efficient initiator structure is people who are able to plan verbal messages in order to better strengthen organizational goals, assignment frameworks and provide answers to questions that arise.

4# The Dynamic Style
This dynamic communication style has an aggressive tendency, because the sender of the message understands that the work environment is action-oriented. The dynamic style of communication is often used by campaigners or supervisors who bring salesmen or salespeople.

The main purpose of this aggressive communication style is to stimulate workers / employees to work faster and better. This communication style is quite effective in dealing with critical issues, but with the requirement that employees or subordinates have sufficient ability to overcome these critical problems.

5# The Relinguishing Style
This communication style more reflects the willingness to accept suggestions, opinions or ideas of others, rather than the desire to give orders, even though the sender has the right to give orders and control others.

Messages in this communication style will be effective when the sender or sender is working with people who are knowledgeable, experienced, thorough and willing to be responsible for all the tasks or jobs that are charged.

6# The Withdrawal Style
The result that arises if this style is used is the weakening of communication actions. That is, there is no desire from people who use this style to communicate with others, because there are several interpersonal problems or difficulties faced by these people.

In a concrete description is when someone says: "I do not want to be involved in this matter". This statement means that he tries to break away from responsibility, but also indicates a desire to avoid communicating with others. Therefore, this style is not suitable for use in the context of organizational communication.

The general description obtained from the description above is that the equalitarian style of communication is the ideal communication style. While the other three communication styles: structuring, dynamic and relinguishing can be used strategically to produce beneficial effects for the organization. And the last two communication styles: controlling and withdrawal tend to hinder the occurrence of beneficial interactions.

Read also: Concepts of Leadership

Obstacles in Leadership Communication

In a communication process sometimes we will experience many obstacles. Some of the obstacles to leadership communication are:

1# Semantic barriers: Communication caused by the language of the language used by communicators.

2# Mechanical barriers: Communication caused by electrical, engine or other media factors.

3# Anthropological barriers: Barriers caused by differences in humans.

4# Psychological barriers: Barriers caused by psychiatric factors.

According to Leonard R.S. and George Strauss, there are several obstacles to effective communication, namely:

1. Hearing, we usually hear what we want to hear. Many things or information are around us, but not everything we hear and respond to. Information that is interesting to us, that is what we want to hear.
2. Ignore information that is contrary to what we know.
3. Assessing sources. We tend to judge who provides information. If there is a small child who provides information about something, we tend to ignore it.
4. Different perceptions. Communication will not work effectively, if the perception of the sender of the message is not the same as the recipient of the message. This difference can even lead to contention, between the sender and the recipient of the message.
5. Words that mean other things to different people. We often hear words that mean they are not in accordance with our understanding. Someone calls coming soon, has a different meaning for the person who responds. Soon it can mean one minute, five minutes, half an hour or one hour later.
6. Inconsistent nonverbal signals. Our movements when communicating - not looking at the other person, keeping up with our activities when someone is communicating with us - influences the portion of communication that takes place.
7. Effects of emotions. In an angry situation, someone will find it difficult to receive information. Whatever news or information provided, will not be accepted and responded to.
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