Democratic Style of Leadership

Every organization has leaders who apply their respective leadership styles according to the character and situation they face. In organizing, the average democratic leadership style is highly expected for its members.

Democratic style leadership is the ability to influence other people so that they want to cooperate to achieve the stated goals by means of various activities to be carried out determined jointly by the leadership and subordinates. Democratic leaders usually view their role as coordinators and integrators of various elements and organizational components.

The leader places himself as the controller, regulator and supervisor of the organization by not obstructing the rights of his subordinates to argue. He also functions as a liaison between departments within an organization.

Organizations made with this democratic theory have an advantage, that is, each task and authority of the organization's organizers are arranged in such a way that it is clear the parts of the duties of each administrator, which later will not intervene between parts of the organization.

The division of tasks is also very efficient and effective when applied in an organization where the main goal of the organization is the achievement of common goals and interests.

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Characteristics of Democratic Leadership Style

To distinguish between democratic leadership styles and others, you must be familiar with their characteristics. Following are some of the democratizing features of style of leadership:

1) The authority of the leadership is not absolute
That is the leadership decision can be influenced by input from subordinates, not as a form of interference, in this case it is more emphasized than the principle of deliberation.

2) The leadership delegates some authority to subordinates
Not all decisions depend on the leader alone. Subordinates have the authority to make decisions, but are still within reasonable limits.

3) Decisions made jointly between leaders and subordinates
Every decision taken is not only from the absolute leader, but has been discussed beforehand with his subordinates.

4) Communication takes place reciprocally
Communication between leaders and subordinates goes well, without any fear or awkwardness due to position.

5) Supervision is carried out fairly
The leader does not supervise activities in an over or over protective manner, so that there is no pressure on subordinates when carrying out their activities, even subordinates uphold the trust given by their superiors.

6) Initiatives come from leaders and subordinates
The initiator of an activity that is beneficial to the organization does not only come from the leadership, the subordinates are also given the broadest rights to initiate something that has a positive impact on the organization.

7) Many opportunities for subordinates to express opinions
Subordinates are free to argue in accordance with the principles of democracy. The leader will accept the opinions of subordinates openly.

8) Tasks given are of a request
Tasks given by the leader can come from subordinates' requests which certainly have a positive impact on the organization.

8) Compliments and balanced criticism
Leaders and subordinates do not always praise or criticize each other, both are balanced according to the needs of the organization.

9) Leaders encourage subordinate achievements
The democratic style of leadership makes leaders want to progress together with their employees. Leaders will also involve a lot of employees in various ways, from implementation to decision making. That is why, leaders will try to encourage the achievements of subordinates. If subordinates advance, he will also come forward.

10) reasonable loyalty of subordinates
Subordinates are not slaves who always follow any orders given by their superiors. Even so, subordinates still have high respect for their superiors.

11) Paying attention to the feelings of subordinates
Leaders behave protect their subordinates, so that leaders understand what the problem is with the subordinates, so that leaders can take policy immediately.

12) An atmosphere of mutual trust, respect and respect
In democratic leadership, usually the atmosphere is always harmonious within the organization. This is because organizational culture is accustomed to an atmosphere of mutual trust, respect and respect, both among fellow members and between leaders and members.

13) Responsibility is shared
The most important advantages, namely working together to achieve organizational goals. Responsibility for the company, going forward or backward, is borne by the entire team.

This leadership style is the most ideal that is considered good for an organization. This is because an organization consists of various backgrounds of people who are joined together and want to achieve a common goal. So to be able to fulfill all aspirations, democratic leadership style is indeed needed.

There are reasons that underlie why an organization applies the democratization of style of leadership or not. This is related to the advantages and disadvantages. The following will present some advantages and disadvantages of the democratization of style of leadership.

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Strengths of Democratic Leadership Style
• The relationship between leaders and subordinates is harmonious and not rigid.
• Decisions and policies are taken through discussion so that subordinates will feel valued and needed their role.
• Develop creative power from subordinates because they can submit opinions and suggestions.
• Subordinates will feel confident and comfortable so they can release their best abilities to complete their tasks.
• Subordinates will feel excited because they feel cared for.
• It is not easy to create opposition because leaders and subordinates are in line.

Weaknesess of Democratic Leadership Style
• The decision making process will last a long time because it is taken by deliberation.
• Difficulty in reaching consensus because everyone's opinion is clearly different.
• Will trigger conflict if the decision taken is not appropriate and if the ego of each member is high.
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